Following a Bachelor’s degree in mathematics from the University of Chicago, Arthur was undecided about whether to pursue mathematics or philosophy; so he did both. He earned a Master's degree in mathematics from Illinois Institute of Technology, working on covering theorems with the mathematician Karl Menger. He then changed gears to earn a Ph.D. in philosophy from the University of Chicago. His dissertation was on the quantum theory of measurement. In physics Arthur worked with Gregor Wenzel from the Fermi Institute and, in philosophy, with Henry Mehlberg, who was his supervisor.
After a postdoctoral year in History and Philosophy of Science at Cambridge University (supervised by Mary Hesse), Arthur has been Professor of Philosophy at Cornell University and the University of Illinois at Chicago, and was John Evans Professor of Moral Philosophy at Northwestern University before moving to the University of Washington.
Along with a number of research grants he had fellowships from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the Guggenheim Foundation, the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, and a Visiting Fellowship at the Dibner Institute for the History of Science. He was President of the Philosophy of Science Association and also of the American Philosophical Association (Central Division).
- (Jointly with M. Schlosshauer) Implications of the Pusey-Barrett-Rudolph quantum no-go theorem. Physical Review Letters 108, 260404 (Issue 26: 29 June, 2012).
- Quantum Foundations: Response to Seventeen Questions. In M. Schlosshauer (ed.) Elegance and Enigma. New York: Springer, 2011.
- Reflections on the philosophy of science. In Robert Rosenberger (ed.) Foundations and Philosophy of Science: 5 Questions. Copenhagen: Automatic Press / VIP, 2010, pp. 27-32
- The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Argument in Quantum Theory. In E. N. Zalta (ed.) The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2009.
- Science Fictions. Philosophical Studies 143 (2009) 117-125.
- Epistemic Instrumentalism, Exceeding our Grasp. Philosophical Studies 137 (2008) 135-39.
- Bohr's Response to EPR: Criticism and Defense. Iyyun, The Jerusalem Philosophical Quarterly 56 (2007) 31-56. (Note different page numbers on linked pdf.)
- (Jointly with M. Schlosshauer) Decoherence and the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics. In James Evans and Alan Thorndike (eds.), Quantum Mechanics at the Crossroads. New York: Springer Publishing Co., 2007, pp. 125-48.
- Relativism, Pragmatism and the Practice of Science. In Cheryl Misak (ed.), The New Pragmatists. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007, pp. 50-67.
For more items see also : http://faculty.washington.edu/afine/afbriefcv.html